Yorkshire Tar Distillers Limited

Former Croda, Kilnhurst

Former Croda Site

In 1886, Henry Ellison of Cleckheaton purchased four acres of land. This firm became known as Ellison & Mitchell Limited and distilled tar. In 1927, the important tar distillers amalgamated to form the Yorkshire Tar Distillers Limited. The Kilnhurst works expanded from four acres to thirty acres and a quantity of tar being distilled increased by five times. In later years the company was acquired by Croda and operated until circa 2000.

Carlisle Park, Swinton - 22.06.17 (5)

Carlisle Park, Swinton

Mr. George William Mitchell (69) of Amphion House, Avenue Road, Doncaster, died on Monday 5th July 1943. He had been a director of Yorkshire Tar Distillers since it’s formation in 1927.

After much controversy, ‘Gleeson Homes’ began building houses on the land here in 2013, after taking away contaminated soil and capping the earth a few feet down. As of November 2017, houses are still being built. This new housing estate is called, ‘Carlisle Park’.

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John Baker & Bessemer Limited, Kilnhurst

Wharf Road, Canal & Railway, Kilnhurst - 22.06.17

New Wharf Road Estate in the distance

John Baker & Bessemer Limited, Kilnhurst

John Baker & Bessemer Limited, Kilnhurst

These steel works can be traced back to 1828. In 1863, the works were purchased by John Brown & Company of Sheffield at which time the works were known as Swinton Iron Works. John Baker purchased the works in 1903 and were renamed Kilnhurst Steel Works and began manufacturing component parts involving a Siemens Steel Melting Furnace. During the First World War, the company concentrated on shell forgings. In 1929, the company purchased 90% of the shares of Henry Bessemer & Company Limited, resulting in the changing of the works name again.

Gas was directly supplied to the steel works via a pipe that ran from Manver’s Main coking plant in Wath.

It was announced in October 1963 that Baker and Bessemer in Kilnhurst would be closed by owners, the United Steel Companies and the English Steel Corporation.

Circa 2009, a new housing estate was built on the site of these steel works on Wharf Road.

Glassworks, Swinton

White Lee Road, Swinton - 29.06.09 (35)

Avago Karting (site of the glassworks)

Circa 1850, James Tillotson came to Swinton, from the Leeds area and established a glassworks on White Lee Road. These glassworks would exchange hands in subsequent decades, notable owners being William Wilkinson and Dale, Brown & Company. The business was sold to United Glass in the early 1970s and finally to Canning Town Glass. The business was closed in 1988 with the loss of over 400 jobs.

(C) 93 (Tillotson) - 12.06.09 (2)

Tillotson family in grave in Saint Margaret’s Churchyard, Swinton

William Rupert Brown died in February 1929 at his home at 9, Priory Road, Sheffield. He was a member of Dale, Brown & Co. which they acquired in 1913 from the South Yorkshire Glass Bottle Company after they had been derelict and disused for two or three years. William was born in Stroud Green, North London and educated in London. As a youth, he was a traveller for a London glass bottle producer. At 19, he joined the staff of Alfred Alexandra & Company Limited and eventually became London manager of the firm. Mr. Brown, his future partner was at the time the works manager for the same firm in Hunslet. When they purchased the glassworks, William moved to Sheffield and Mr. Brown settled in Wath but later moved to Wetherby.

Gas was directly supplied to the glassworks via a pipe that ran from Manver’s Main coking plant in Wath.

The iconic chimney that belonged to the glassworks was finally demolished in 1996 and an indoor go-carting centre now occupies the land where the glassworks once stood.

The Rother Boiler Company

 

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham - 11.03.07 (2)

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham

William Charles at Wyvenhoe, Rotherham (Copyright Ros Templeman)

William Charles

William Charles, born in 1880 in Masbrough, Rotherham, married my second great aunt, Winifred Pinder, in 1908.

William co-founded both the Rotherham Steel Strip Company and the Rother Boiler Company.

Below are three articles pertaining to the Rother Boiler Company.

THE ADVERTISER, FRI., FEB. 16th, 1973

Rotherham in high places

Rother Boiler Company (advert) (2)

Rother Boiler Company (advert)

DID YOU know there is a little bit of Rotherham in Windsor Castle and the House of Commons, and most probably up your street, too?

No, well neither did I, but we have and it belongs to a small firm with a big reputation…the Rother Boiler Company Ltd., celebrating this month 50 years of business since they became a limited company.

it was in 1919 that two Rotherham men, the late Mr. A. A. Charles and Mr. A. Milnes (father of a present day company director, Mr. Arthur Milnes), laid the foundations for the company’s existence.

They concentrated on the production of kitchen range boilers, and a pretty laborious process it was, too, in those days. Output of two men was limited to seven or eight boilers a day.

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham - 11.03.07 (4)

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham

Within a few years, Mr. H. Sowden joined them and introduced copper back boilers and cylinders – still a feature of their work today.

Into new premises

in 1923 they became a Limited Company and four years later they had outgrown their premises in Westgate. The search for new headquarters ended at a nine acre site on Meadow Bank Road.

Rother Boiler Company (advert) (4)

Rother Boiler Company (advert)

There they are to-day and the staff has increased now to over 130.

They are specialists in calorifiers or heat exchangers, if you prefer it that way.

This means equipment of all kinds for many important uses. In hospitals, schools, flats, public buildings and hotels, not to mention their products used in industry.

Expansion is still the order of the day and the firm maintain they “have never been busier”. Busy or not, you can be sure that all their work is built with the care and thought that has made them a top name in the heating engineering world.

THE ADVERTISER, FRI., MAR. 30th, 1973

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham - 11.03.07 (7)

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham

Heating Mr. Heath’s prize pool and lots of other V.I.P.s

MADE IN ROTHERHAM

The Sultan of Oman’s army barracks and the Russian Embassy in Tehran are just two exotic destinations of products from a Rotherham factory.

Every day, boilers and calorifiers (heat exchange units used to heat very large buildings) start out from the Rother Boiler Company’s factory in Meadowbank Road on journeys all over the world.

Rother Boiler Company (advert) (5)

Rother Boiler Company (advert)

The Falkland Isles’ Radio Station, hospitals and the Radio Station in Singapore, hotels in Malta, factories in Russia and Thailand…these are just some of the faraway places where Rother Boiler products are installed.

Nearer home, they’ve an equally impressive list of famous public buildings to their credit.

Windsor Castle, the Houses of Parliament, French Embassy in London, British Museum, Westminster Abbey, Durham Cathedral, Palace of Westminster, Royal yacht Brittaina , National Theatre…the list is endless.

Prisoners up and down the country (including Dartmoor) have reason to be thankful for the company – they keep warm by means of Rother Boiler calorifiers.

Rother Boiler Company (advert) (1)

Rother Boiler Company (advert)

All R.A.F. camps are supplied by the firm, as well as many hospitals and holiday camps.

The Prime Minister and diplomats from all over the world are going to enjoy the benefits of some of Rother Boiler’s latest products.

Specially designed calorifiers are to be installed in a new swimming pool at Chequers.

How does this local firm manage to carry off all these major contracts?

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham - 11.03.07 (1)

Rother Boiler Company, Rotherham

“I think we’re the only people who make calorifiers in both steel and copper, and we also make a reasonable job at the right price,” explained Works Director Mr. Arthur Milnes.

To keep up with demand, they turn out more than 200 tons of steel a month and about £16,000 worth of copper every week.

The company, which employs 120 people, was founded in 1918, and last month celebrated 50 years as a limited company.

THE ADVERTISER, FRIDAY, AUG 5, 1988

Rother Boiler Company (advert) (3)

Rother Boiler Company (advert)

15 ‘new’ jobs?

The Rother Boiler Company has taken over its subsidiary Roebuck and Clarke (Galvanising), with plans for a £500,000 plant in Rotherham.

The expansion move will hopefully create 15 new jobs at Roebuck and Clarke’s Meadowbank Road site where the new galvanising plant is being built.

Rother Boiler, which has been established in the town since 1925 and employs 110 people, now wholly owns Roebuck and Clarke – a subsidiary company setup just two years ago.

Roman Terrace Council School, Swinton

Roman Court Residential Home, Mexborough - 05.04.17

Site of Roman Terrace Council School

This school, in the Roman Terrace (Wath Road) area of Swinton (now Mexborough), was built in 1884 and demolished in the 1990s.

THE ADVERTISER, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1905.

SWINTON ROMAN TERRACE WESLEYAN BAZAAR.

A two days’ bazaar, promoted by the Roman Terrace Wesleyan Church, was opened in the Roman Terrace Council School, Swinton, on Boxing Day, by Mr. John Clayton, of Mexbro’, with a view to acquiring funds to build a new church, as the present premises are deemed inadequate for the requirements.

Brunswick Methodist Church

Brunswick Methodist Church, Mexborough - 23.04.08 (11)

Brunswick Methodist Church

This early 20th century church, built in 1911, in the Roman Terrace (Wath Road) area of Swinton (now Mexborough), closed circa 2010. During 2012/2013, it was converted into a private residence.

Prior to Brunswick Church being built, there was an older, 1850s, chapel just next to where the church stands today and which was demolished in the middle of the last century.

Bowbroom, Swinton

245 Queen Street, Swinton

245 Queen Street, Swinton

245 Queen Street, Swinton in 1984 & 2010

245 Queen Street, Swinton in 1984 & 2010

This entry pertains to the Bowbroom area of Swinton, focused on a family that had lived here.

CONTACT FROM AMERICA – In February 2009, David Watts from America contacted me via my website and informed me that one of the photos in my Swinton Record project, pertained to his family tree. I then proceeded to do further genealogical research on David’s behalf which uncovered many remarkable finds.

Bowbroom, Swinton in 1855 & 1892

Bowbroom, Swinton in 1855 & 1892

One of the first amazing discoveries in David’s family tree was that he descends from the Barron and Hartley glassmaking families that had moved to Mexborough from Hunslet (near Leeds) in the first half of the 19th century. David is also connected by marriage to the Kilner glass makers of Conisbrough.

THE STEVENSON FAMILY, BOWBROOM & SWINTON – Bowbroom (also known as Baw Broom and Bow Broom) is a very small area in Swinton, South Yorkshire, and probably few people have heard of the location other than the people that live there. On the 1855 map of Swinton, Bowbroom doesn’t appear to be inhabited by humans whereas, by 1892, there is plenty of activity.

(F) 1862 (Stevenson) - 19.03.09 (2)

William & Catherine Stevenson’s Grave in Saint Margaret’s Churchyard, Swinton

David’s second great grandparents were called William Stevenson and Catherine. William, originally from Ilkeston in Derbyshire, moved to Denaby in South Yorkshire sometime in the 1860s. By the 1881 Census and on the 1891 Census, William is a Grocer and Provisions Dealer at 95 Queen Street, Swinton. By 1901 he is living in the Mexborough end of Swinton on Frederick Street and is recorded as being a retired Publican. William and his descendants had a strong presence in the Bowbroom/Queen Street areas of Swinton and in surrounding neighbourhoods:-

– William’s daughter, Harriet, born circa 1863, married Jonah Jones and together issued at least ten children. Harriet and Jonah are David Watt’s great-grandparents. On the 1891 Census, Jonah is a Licensed Victualler at the Cresswell Arms, 5 Thomas Street (Bowbroom). Presumably, Jonah must have passed on the license of the Cresswell Arms to his brother in law, Fred Walker (see below) who was the Inn Keeper of the Cresswell Arms on the 1901 Census. On the 1901 and 1911 Censuses, Jonah is a Publican/Beerhouse Keeper of the Butchers Arms (Station Street, Swinton).

Lupton's Shop (Queen Street), 1 Manvers Road & 33 Queen Street, Swinton

Lupton’s Shop (Queen Street), 1 Manvers Road & 33 Queen Street, Swinton

– William’s daughter, Lily, born circa 1865, married John William Firth who on the 1901 Census was a Grocer at 90 Dolcliffe Road in Mexborough and then a Grocer at 1 Manvers Road in Mexborough (now converted into a residential dwelling).

– William’s daughter, Hephzibah, born circa 1867, was firstly married to Joe Worby who was a Grocer and Provisions Dealer at 48 Queen Street on the 1891 Census. By the 1901 Census, Joe had died and Hephzibah was married to Fred Walker who was an Inn Keeper at the Cresswell Arms, 5 Thomas Street (Bowbroom). By the 1911 Census, Hephzibah was once again widowed and a Grocer at 33 Queen Street.

Albert Street, Frederick Street & Stephenson Place, Swinton

Albert Street, Frederick Street & Stephenson Place, Swinton

– William’s daughter, Alice, born circa 1873, married Tom Lupton who was a Grocer at 80 Queen Street on the 1901 Census and then a Shopkeeper at 215 Queen Street on the 1911 Census. On Queen Street near to the Bowbroom area, there is a row of terraced houses known as Lupton Buildings. Nearby to these houses was a shop which I remember well and which closed circa 1998.

Bowbroom Wesleyan Reform Church, Swinton - 05.02.16 (1)

Bowbroom Wesleyan Reform Church, Swinton

STEPHENSON PLACE – Hephzibah Jones (1881 to 1951) was a daughter of the above Jonah Jones and Harriet Stevenson. Hephzibah married Samuel Young. Hephzibah and Samuel issued at least six children, one of which was called Hephzibah Young. Hephzibah was born in 1912 at 245 Queen Street (Bowbroom). Hephzibah is the mother of David Watts. Included in this entry are photos of Hephzibah Young (nee Jones) standing outside of 245 Queen Street (Bowbroom).

David’s mother visited her birthplace in 1984. The broken up paving and cobbles of Stephenson Place are visible in the 1984 photo and were visible for many years after – well into the 1990s and possibly even into the 2000s.

Cresswell Arms, Bowbroom W.M.C. & Thomas Street Stores

Cresswell Arms, Bowbroom W.M.C. & Thomas Street Stores

245 Queen Street (where David’s mother was born) was a Grocery shop. I visited this shop many times and it was known locally as Sams’ (the name of the owner (Samuel Whitworth) in the 1970s and 1980s) or the ‘Beer Off’ as it was an Off Licence. I was, in fact, the last customer of this shop circa May 1997. I’d always previously believed that the road (now a dead end) to the left of the shop was formerly Albert Street before Albert Street was rebuilt in the 1970s and further extended in the 1980s. However, after studying maps of the area, I realised that the location of Albert Street has never changed (except for the 1980’s extension). The road next to the shop is in fact known as, Stephenson Place. Although Stephenson Place is visible on maps from the late 19th century onwards, it was not until 1930 that it is given an actual name on a map. I believe that Stephenson Place may have been named as such due to David’s Stevenson ancestors living in the vicinity (I appreciate the difference in spelling although on the 1901 Census it is called Stevenson Street).

Bower Road & Hatherley Road, Swinton

Bower Road & Hatherley Road, Swinton

CHANGES IN BOWBROOM – Noticeable changes in the Bowbroom area since when the Stevenson families lived in the area are:-

– Demolition of the old housing. I remember as a child there being waste ground where what is now the new extension to Albert Street/back of Stephenson Place. There were piles of old bricks and I recall Bonfires taking place on this land.

Dearne & Dove Canal, Swinton - 12.10.95 (b&w)

Dearne & Dove Canal, Bowbroom, Swinton in 1995

– Bower Road and Hatherley Road were created in the late 1930s by Swinton Urban District Council. They were named after prominent Swinton residents, Aquila Bower and Doctor Sydney O. Hatherley.

– The Cresswell Arms pub was rebuilt in the 1940s. Running alongside the modern day Cresswell Arms appears to be the remains of an old access road. I believe that the now redundant road running in front of the Cresswell Arms was perhaps a section of the original Thomas Street.

– The Cresswell estate was erected in the early 1960s, which included new streets in Bowbroom, called Cresswell Road, St Michaels Avenue and Queens Avenue, along with adding houses to Bower Road, Queen Street, and Thomas Street. Thomas Street was extensively redeveloped.

Cresswell Road & St. Michael's Avenue, Swinton

Cresswell Road & St. Michael’s Road, Swinton

– Bowbroom W.M.C. Club, on Thomas Street, was also rebuilt and a row of shops opposite, with flats above, were built.

– The Dearne and Dove canal at Bowbroom was mostly filled in, in the 1960s although small stretches of it still remain today.

– The Chapel was rebuilt in the 1970s in a slightly different location. Originally, it appeared to be set behind housing on Queen Street and accessible from Stephenson Place. It is now located on the corner of Queen Street and Stephenson Place, adjacent to the Grocery shop (245 Queen Street).

Bowbroom, Swinton

Bowbroom, Swinton in the 21st Century

– The 19th-century bridge spanning the Dearne and Dove canal was blown up and rebuilt in the 1970s. The course of Queen Street was slightly altered/straightened when they did this.

Although the majority of the original buildings in the Bowbroom area have been demolished and rebuilt, I’m sure that Bowbroom’s past inhabitants would still recognise the area.

FINALLY – Special thanks are owed to David Watts for the supply of the old photos featured in this entry. Any comments, photos or memories of Bowbroom which people may have, would be appreciated.